Category: Technology

Light Engineering Industrial Sector

light-engineering2Light Engineering Industrial Sector

The burgeoning domestic market and the prospect of significant cost reductions for companies sourcing components and finished goods for international markets makes Bangladesh a compelling choice for investors.

Light Engineering Sector of Bangladesh:

The Light Engineering Sector (LES) that draws the least attention of the policymakers has emerged as a potential cost cutting sector by producing at least 50 percent substitutes of imported items in the country. This important sub-sector is now providing critical support to industrial, agricultural and construction sectors by manufacturing a wide range of spare parts, castings, moulds and dices, oil and gas pipeline fittings and light machinery, as well as repairing those. Sector players claim that electrical goods like switch, socket, light shed, channel, cables and electrical fans, generator, which are manufactured by the LES are now meeting 48% to 52% of the country’s demands, which was earlier met through import. Export growth was estimated at 30%. The light engineering sector as ‘the mother of all sectors,’ because it provides backup support to cement, paper, jute, textile, sugar, food processing, railway, shipping, garments capital machineries by repairing and maintaining those. A recent study conducted by International Finance Corporation (IFC) in partnership with UK Department for International Development and Norwegian government shows that LES has in its employment 6,00,000 people involved in 50,000 micro enterprises and 10,000 Small and Medium Enterprises. Another study conducted by Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology however, estimates that LES comprises of around 40,000 enterprises employing around 8,00,000 people.

Industry Situation

The light engineering industry in Bangladesh continues to grow each year. This labor-intensive sector produces a diverse range of items, including import substitute machinery spares, plant machineries, small tools, toys, consumer items and paper products for the domestic market. Most of these enterprises are located in and around Dhaka metropolis. Entrepreneurs from China, Japan and Korea have taken advantage of Bangladesh’s cheap and easily trainable labor and its infrastructure facilities to manufacture products for the export market.

Auto Bricks Industry

tunnel kiln

Bangladesh has started making bricks using new technology, which cuts carbon emission almost by half and creates scope for earning huge foreign currencies.
Entrepreneurs and financiers said Bangladesh will be able to sell per tonne of saved carbon at $15 after June 2010.

The new technology being used by Diamond Auto and the likes is Hybrid Hoffman Kiln (HHK) technology imported from China.
A single kiln that runs on HHK technology will produce 15 million bricks and cut carbon emission by 5,000 tonnes a year. A double unit kiln will produce 30 million bricks and cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emission by 10,000 tonnes every year.
Industrial and Infrastructure Development Finance Company Ltd (IIDFC) has so far funded four brick manufacturing units including Diamond Auto Bricks under the technology.
Bangladesh has about 6,000 authorised brickfields and numerous illegal ones.
IIFDC Project Officer Shaymal Barman told The Daily Star that the brickfields in Bangladesh emit around 875 lakh tonnes of CO2 every year.
Barman said HHK kilns will reduce carbon emission almost by half.
Most of the works at Diamond Auto are done without human intervention. Coal and clay are mixed automatically and then poured into a machine. In every piece of brick about 2-3 percent coal is mixed. Bricks are prepared automatically and taken to a silo, and smoke of the kiln, which others use for burning bricks, is used for drying the raw bricks.
Owner of the brickfield M Zaydul Abedin said: “The smoke produced in my kiln is being trapped and used for drying raw bricks. So less CO2 is emitted.”
The strength of the bricks produced in this field is more than double than that of the traditional bricks, and the price is also competitive, said Abedin.

AUTOMATIC BRICK MANUFACTURING PLANT with following technologies:

  • Hybrid Hoffman Kiln

 

  • Tunnel Kiln